International Energy Agency
SERBIA COAL-FIRED CO2 EMISSIONS
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020
Slavko Nesic ( firstname.lastname@example.org) is a
hydrodynamical modelling specialist in the
Scientific Technology Center of NIS Gazprom
Neft. He has BS (xxxx) and MS (xxxx) degrees
in petroleum engineering from the University of
Belgrade, Faculty of Mining and Geology, where
he is completing his PhD studies. He attended
several research internships at Gubkin University in Moscow
and has experience in reservoir engineering, management, and
Vladimir Mitrovic ( email@example.com.
rs) is a petroleum engineering professor at the
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mining and
Geology. He has 40-years’ experience in reservoir engineering research and teaching. He has
BS, MS, and PhD (xxxx) degrees in petroleum
engineering from the University of Belgrade.
Marina Filipovic ( firstname.lastname@example.org)
is a PhD student and teaching assistant at the
University of Belgrade Faculty of Security Studies. She obtained a BS (2008) and MS degree
(xxxx) from the University of Belgrade. She
focuses on localized environmental security of a
community, social ecology, and environmental
1. Mikhail, D., “New Activities in
Exploration and Production,” NIS Co.
International Corporate magazine, Energize, September 2016.
2. Stanojevski, N., “Amine Scrubbing Enchanes Gas Quality,” NIS Co.
International Corporate magazine,
Energize, March 2016.
3. Benson, S.M. “Overview of Geologic Storage of CO2,” Carbon Dioxide
Capture for Storage in Deep Geologic
Formations study, US Department of
Energy, December 2005, pp. 665-72.
4. Holloway, S. “An overview of the
underground disposal of carbon dioxide.” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 38 Supplement, 1997, pp.
5. Orr, F., “Storage of Carbon Dioxide in Geologic Formations,” Society of Petroleum Engineers Journal of Petroleum
Technology, Vol. 56, No. 9, September 2004, pp. 90-97.
Studies recommend CO2 should be stored deeper than
800 m in reservoirs with temperatures hotter than 310° C.
and critical pressure around 7. 5 MPa.
Cap rocks must have enough thickness to hold CO2 for
thousands of years and minimal faulting. Fig. 3 shows CO2
phases within a gas reservoir.
Industry has emitted large quantities of greenhouse gases
into the atmosphere, contributing to global warming. Fossil
fuel combustion has increased the atmosphere’s concentration
of anthropogenic CO2.
CCS reduces CO2 emissions from the atmosphere. Europe
hosts many CCS projects with the European Union providing financial support for some of them. Europe is striving to
achieve zero-emission fossil fuel power plants.
Serbia has no CCS projects yet, but it must follow European Commission regulations for lowering CO2 emissions.
The authors sought to identify possible geological formations for successful implementation. They made no attempt
to estimate storage capacity.
Serbia’s electric generation creates about 45 million
tonnes/year of CO2 from 24 point sources, mostly in central
Serbia away from oil and gas fields. Fig. 4 shows electric generation by fuel type while Fig. 5 shows CO2 emissions from
coal combustion. Serbia has 18 coal-fired power plants and
6 power plants fired by gas and liquid fuels.
Shallow reservoirs are unsuitable for CO2 storage, except
for gas reservoirs because they have sealing caps. But increased reservoir depth means higher injection and completion costs.
Transportation is a major CCS issue. Serbia’s coal-fired
power plants are far from oil and gas fields, requiring new
pipelines to move captured gas to storage or else using trucks
to move it in liquid form.