The agreement requires Enbridge to:
• Replace the portion of Line 5 crossing beneath the St.
Clair River with a new pipe in a tunnel under the river. Simi-
lar pipeline construction for Line 6B was successfully ac-
complished at this site a few years ago. The St. Clair River is
an important source of drinking water and an environmen-
tally sensitive location. The underground replacement line
will significantly lower the risk that oil could reach the river
or the Great Lakes.
• Undertake a study, in conjunction with the state, on the
placement of a new pipeline or the existing dual pipelines
in a tunnel beneath the Straits of Mackinac. The state’s final
alternatives analysis report, released Nov. 20, identified tunneling as an alternative to the current pipelines. The joint
study will examine several possible techniques and allow a
much more detailed examination on the technical feasibility
of such a tunnel.
• Temporarily shut down operation of Line 5 in the straits
during periods of sustained adverse weather conditions (as
defined in the agreement), because those conditions do not
allow effective response to potential oil spills.
• Assess the possible installation of underwater technologies, including cameras, to better monitor the pipeline beneath the Straits of Mackinac.
• Implement technologies that improve the safety of Line
5 in the straits by allowing faster detection and a more immediate response in the event of a spill.
• Undertake measures to mitigate a potential vessel anchor strike on Line 5 beneath the straits. A vessel anchor
strike was identified in the final alternatives analysis as one
of the most serious threats to Line 5 safety in the straits.
• In partnership with the state, implement additional
measures to minimize the likelihood of an oil spill at every
Line 5 water crossing in Michigan.
It also calls on the company to increase transparency by:
• Providing opportunity for the state to fully participate
in each of the evaluations required under the agreement.
• Providing all information requested by the state about
the operation of Line 5 in Michigan.
• Meeting regularly with the state to assess and discuss
any changes to the pipeline’s operation.
The agreement includes deadlines for each action. The
state will hire its own experts to monitor Enbridge’s actions
and review and verify the company’s data. The agreement
requires the company to cooperatively identify and make
available to the state relevant information regarding the operation of Line 5. The full agreement can be found on the
Pipeline Safety Advisory Board (PSAB) web site.
The agreement does not represent a final decision by the
state regarding Line 5, but instead provides a clear schedule on which a decision will either be reached cooperatively
with Enbridge or the state will take another path. As these
measures are put in place, the evaluation of Line 5 called for
by the Michigan Petroleum Pipeline Task Force Report will
oil and gas reserves and 66% of production.
In the group of 39 jurisdictions with medium-range reserves, the 10 most attractive for investment are Oklahoma,
North Dakota, Newfoundland & Labrador, West Virginia,
Nor way-Other, Wyoming, Norway-North Sea, the UK North
Sea Offshore, Arkansas, and the Netherlands.
Among 39 jurisdictions with relative small reserves, the
top 10 are Kansas, Saskatchewan, South Australia, Manitoba, New Zealand, Mississippi, Montana, Namibia, the UK-Other, and Alabama.
Uncorrected for reserves size, the top 10 jurisdictions
for investment allure are Texas, Oklahoma, North Dakota,
Newfoundland & Labrador, West Virginia, Kansas, Saskatchewan, Norway-Offshore (except North Sea), Wyoming,
and South Australia.
Without correction for reserves, the bottom 10 jurisdictions are Venezuela, Bolivia, Libya, Iraq, Ecuador, Indonesia,
California, Cambodia, France, and Yemen.
Enbridge, Michigan sign
Line 5 evaluation
Enbridge Inc. has signed an agreement with Michigan Gov.
Rick Snyder requiring the owners of Line 5 take immediate steps to improve environmental protection for the Great
Lakes and other state waterways.
“Business as usual by Enbridge is not acceptable and we
are going to ensure the highest level of environmental safety
standards are implemented to protect one of Michigan’s most
valuable natural resources,” the governor said. “The items
required in this agreement are good strides forward. The
state is evaluating the entire span of Enbridge’s Line 5 pipeline and its future, but we cannot wait for the analyses to be
completed before taking action to defend our waterways,”
Line 5 is a 645-mile, 30-in. OD pipeline that begins in
Superior, Wis., and ends in Sarnia, Ont. Line 5 transports
as much as 540,000 b/d of light crude oil and natural gas
Congressman Fred Upton, chair of the Subcommittee on
Energy in the US House of Representatives, has been working closely with the state on addressing concerns he has
about Enbridge operations. “This issue is not going away
until it gets fixed,” Upton said. “Zero tolerance for error is
the only thing we will accept along with the highest safety
standards in place to ensure the Great Lakes will not be at
risk. I look forward to continuing to work with Gov. Snyder
and the state of Michigan in coordinating a state and federal
response. We will stay on the case through completion.”