Commercial cellulosic ethanol output starts
INEOS Bio said it is producing cellulosic ethanol at commercial
scale at a plant in Vero Beach, Fla., and will make its first shipment in August.
The plant has capacity to produce 8 million gal/year of
ethanol equivalent with a process that converts biomass into
syngas for fermentation into ethanol with naturally occurring
Refiners and other fuel suppliers must sell ethanol and other fuels made from cellulose at rates set by law and adjusted
yearly by the Environmental Protection Agency.
At the beginning of 2013, EPA identified the INEOS Bio
plant as one of two US facilities likely to start commercial
production of cellulosic biofuels this year.
The other facility, operated by KiOR Inc. at Columbus, Miss.,
also is in start-up. It uses a process similar to fluid catalytic
cracking to convert biomass into “biocrude” that is upgraded
into gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. Capacity is about 11 million
Dow Chemical lets contract for ethane plant
Dow Chemical Co. has let a contract to a subsidiary of Foster
Wheeler’s Global Engineering & Construction Group for the
engineering, procurement, and construction of its LA- 3 Crack
More Ethane project at its petrochemical plant in Plaquemine
The objective of the project is to improve plant ethane flexibility to take advantage of low-cost feedstock. Scope will include brownfield additions and retrofit modifications to the
plant, Dow Chemical said.
The contract value was not disclosed nor were dates of project start-up or completion.
TRANSPOR TATION QUICK TAKES
Angola LNG delivers first cargo
Angola LNG has delivered its first cargo to Petroleo Brasileiro
SA’s floating regasification terminal in Guanabara Bay, Rio de
Janeiro. The cargo left Soyo in June aboard the 160,000-cu m
SS Sonangol Sambizanga.
At full production, the $10 billion export plant will be able to
ship more than 70 cargoes/year, supplying 5. 2 million tonnes/
year of LNG, in addition to propane, butane, and condensate,
Angola LNG said.
Several master LNG sale and purchase agreements have
been executed with energy companies across the world. More
agreements are being negotiated.
Angola LNG is a partnership of Angola’s state company So-
nangol 22.8%, Chevron Corp. 36.4%, BP PLC 13.6%, Eni SPA
13.6%, and Total SA 13.6%. It will gather and processes gas to
produce LNG and natural gas liquids over an expected life of
at least 30 years.
Working gas storage capacity up 2% in 2012
Working natural gas storage capacity increased by 2% in the
Lower 48 states between November 2011 and November 2012,
according to the US Energy Information Administration’s Underground Working Natural Gas Storage Capacity.
Most of the largest year-over-year increases occurred in existing salt domes in the producing region, particularly Mississippi and Louisiana.
Four new storage sites went into operation during the year,
three in the West region and one in the producing region.
According to EIA’s compilation of planned storage projects,
another 71 bcf of design capacity could be added in 2013 from
projects currently under construction.
This rough estimate includes 34 bcf in the producing salt
and 37 bcf in the West region. There were no reports of 2013
capacity to be added in the East. EIA said that readily available
volumes of Marcellus shale gas might have influenced the lack
of planned East-region growth.
EIA uses two measures of storage capacity and both in-
creased by similar amounts:
• Demonstrated maximum working gas volume increased
1.8% to 4,265 bcf.
• Working gas design capacity increased 2% to 4,575 bcf.
Demonstrated maximum working gas volume differs from
design capacity in that it is an operational measure and not an
Maximum demonstrated working gas volume measures the
highest level of working gas reported at each storage facility
over the previous 5 years, and provides a practical measure of
BLM seeks comments on right-of-way EA in Moab
The US Bureau of Land Management’s Moab, Utah, field office
is seeking public comments on an environmental assessment
(EA) for the proposed Dead Horse natural gas lateral pipeline
The 24-mile line would transport gas now being flared in
the Big Flat area to a processing facility near the Big Hills road,
it said in a July 26 notice.
It said Fidelity Oil & Gas would construct the pipeline,
which would parallel Utah State Highway 313 and the Dubinky
The draft EA analyzes potential environmental impacts
from constructing the gas lateral pipeline, the notice indicated. Comments will be accepted through Aug. 26, it said.
The document is accessible online through the Utah BLM’s
Environmental Notification Board by typing Dead Horse in the
Project Name portion of the advanced search field, the notice